Letter from Bill Wilson to Sister Ignatia

sr ignatiaThe scroll given to Sister may now be seen at Rosary Hall. This is the inscription:


Dear Sister,

We of Alcoholics Anonymous look upon you as the finest friend and the greatest spirit we may ever know. We remember your tender ministrations to us in the days when AA was very young. Your partnership with Dr. Bob in that early time has created for us a spiritual heritage of incomparable worth.

In all the years since, we have watched you at the bedside of thousands. So watching, we have perceived ourselves to be the beneficiaries of that wondrous light which God has always sent through you to illumine our darkness. You have tirelessly tended our wounds; you have nourished us with your unique understanding and your matchless love. No greater gifts of Grace than these shall we ever have. Speaking for AA members throughout the world, I say: “May God abundantly reward you according to your blessed works – now and forever!’

In devotion,

March 25,1964, Bill W.

Copyright © AA Grapevine August 1966

Sacred Heart Badge (the 1st white chip)

sacred-heart-of-jesus-badge-tnThis excerpt was taken from Barefoot World’s History of AA.  

Sister Ignatia increasingly began to believe that alcoholics should not be sneaked into the hospital but brought through the front door just like other sick people.

This belief led to the first medical admission in 1935. Soon, she provided a ward for men to sober up and St. Thomas Hospital became the first religious institution to recognize the rights of alcoholics to receive hospital treatment. Today, many of AA’s practices — including the use of tokens to mark milestones in sobriety — find their origins with Sister Ignatia.

Sister lgnatia was the first person to use medallions in Alcoholics Anonymous. She gave the drunks who were leaving St. Thomas after a five day dry out a Sacred Heart Medallion and instructed them that the acceptance of the medallion signified a commitment to God, to A.A. and to recovery and that if they were going to drink, they had a responsibility to return the medallion to her before drinking. The custom is carried out to this day with tokens awarded for sobriety. The sacred heart medallions had been used prior to A.A. by the Father Matthew Temperance Movement of the 1840’s and the Pioneers, an Irish Temperance Movement of the 1890’s

Beatification Cause Started for Sister Ignatia

photo of sr ignatia reading the big book of aa

photo of sr ignatia reading the big book of aa

On May 13, 2011 a group of recovering alcoholic women started the beatification cause for Sr. Ignatia Gavin, who is known as the “Angel of Alcoholics Anonymous.” According to the cause’s Facebook fan page, “As patients left St. Thomas Hospital [for alcoholics] in Akron, Ohio, USA, Sr. Ignatia would present them with a Sacred Heart of Jesus badge and ask for a promise. Before picking up another drink, they were to return the badge to Sr. Ignatia personally. The badge was a sacred pledge and symbol of the treasure of sobriety. Patients respected the trust Sr. Ignatia had in them and valued the gift as a commitment to stay sober.”

Here is a link to their facebook page.

Eulogy for Sister Ignatia

pic of sr ignatiaClick to read the entire eulogy by Father Coonan April 5, 1966

As we gather here today in this beautiful cathedral to celebrate the last, sad obsequies of the dedicated and heroic little lady, who was at once the apostle to Alcoholics Anonymous and the Angel of Deliverance to tens of thousands of men and women afflicted with the grim, rampant and fatal malady alcoholism, it is fitting we begin by addressing the Christian with the pagan concept of death.

Click here to read the eulogy in entirety.

Sister Ignatia and Alcoholics Anonymous by Gerard E Sherry

The following article appeared in a Roman Catholic publication, THE SIGN, Vol. 35: 9-11, May 1956

By Gerard E. Sherry

The telephone rang and Sister Ignatia answered it.

“This is Bill, Sister. I’m sorry, but I’m going to have to send you back the Sacred Heart Badge. I’ve had a rough morning and I’m going out to get a drink.

Sister Ignatia sighed, but said quickly: “Don’t do it, Bill. Wait until you finish work at five. Then call me again. In the meantime, I’ll pray for you. Whatever you do, don’t send me back that badge. Keep it with you for strength and inspiration.” Sister Ignatia prayed hard all afternoon and, finally the call came from Bill.

“It’s O.K., Sister, I never took the drink. I think I’m going to be all right now, thanks to the Sacred Heart and you.”

The telephone calls and the information conveyed were nothing new — it happens quite often. For Sister Ignatia is founder and director of Rosary Hall Solarium, an alcoholic ward at St. Vincent Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. Since December 1952, she has ministered to the needs of some 3,000 men and women who have succumbed to alcoholism. Of that total, some 60 per cent are claimed as completely cured; another 20 percent stumble for a while and then go off drink completely; and only 20 percent are considered failures after the spiritual and therapeutic treatment.

And when they leave Rosary Hall, Sister Ignatia gives them a Sacred Heart Badge. It is meant as a constant source of inspiration not to take another drink. And she tells them all that the badge is given only on the understanding that it must be returned before the first drink is taken.

Working among alcoholics has been a life’s labor of love for Sister Ignatia. She has been credited in large measure with pushing the creation of Alcoholics Anonymous. Certainly, she was in at the beginning when the late Dr. Robert H. Smith of Akron and Bill W., New York stockbroker, founded A.A. in 1935.

At that time, Sister Ignatia was stationed in St. Thomas Hospital, which also is operated by her order, the Sisters of Charity of St. Augustine. Dr. Smith, although not a Catholic, was on the courtesy staff of the hospital. He had, himself, just conquered the drink habit and felt the need to help others in a similar plight. He enlisted the aid of Sister Ignatia.

Dr. Smith and Sister Ignatia agreed on one thing — alcoholism could be controlled by medical attention coupled with spiritual attention. It was on this principle that they eventually established at St. Thomas, Akron, a ward which dealt exclusively with persons suffering from alcoholism. It was the first such effort in the country.

Dr. Smith died in 1950 and Sister Ignatia later went to Cleveland Charity Hospital. The name Rosary Hall Solarium came about because permission to erect the Cleveland ward came on the feast of the Holy Rosary and because the initials of the A.A. co-founder were RHS.

What goes on at Rosary Hall?

Backbone of the program is the famous “Twelve Steps” of the A.A. Basically, this involves an admission by the victim that he is powerless to help himself, followed by a decision to turn his will and life over to the care of God.

Rosary Hall has its own chapel where patients pray the Rosary every day at 3 P.M., invoking God’s help and that of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, patroness of alcoholics.

To gain access to Rosary Hall, a person must be sponsored by a member of Alcoholics Anonymous in good standing. He must have the desire not only to get sober but also to remain sober. The patient’s five-day stay is a retreat from the outside world and the habits which caused his collapse. There are no radios, TV sets, newspapers, or magazines — nothing but A.A. literature and other reading in keeping with the program.

The physical therapy used is the most modern known to medical science. Doctors as well as priests are essential on the road to recovery.

Patients may have no visitors except members of A.A. who are welcome from 9 A.M. till 9 P.M. The conversation is turned to alcoholism and its problems. Every evening a member of A.A. comes to conduct a brief meeting for patients.

An essential element of Rosary Hall is its coffee bar, open all the time. There is also a kitchen and an icebox well stocked with food. Main items are milk and citrus juice, for the alcoholic is frequently an undernourished person. The patients are encouraged to eat at will.

Rosary Hall’s program has restored many alcoholics to useful and happy lives. It is essentially a spiritual program, demanding humility and constant prayer for God’s help. Charity is involved, too, because A.A.’s, once they stop drinking, devote much of their time to helping others who are in the plight from which they were rescued.

In Rosary Hall, all the rooms but one are for more than one patient, because it is not good for an A.A., usually, to be alone. There is one private room for difficult cases in the worst stages. Sister Ignatia calls it the “defrosting room.”

Rosary Hall was fitted out by A.A.’s. As soon as the project was initiated they swarmed in and took the details out of Sister Ignatia’s hands. “Just let us worry about that,” became the repeated injunction to her.

A.A.’s with all kinds of occupations volunteered their services. Catholics, Protestants, and Jews — they all sent money or contributed labor. Sometimes they broke down as they recalled their own decline and how Sister Ignatia and others had helped them out.

One businessman who dropped in conferred with other A.A.’s and then departed to arrange for some furnishings. Sister Ignatia inquired anxiously whether he had quoted a price. She lifted her hands helplessly when told: “There is no price. He’s donating everything.”

After that, all sister could say was: “Well that’s the A.A. for you. They’re all like that. And their relatives and friends are like that. Really, I haven’t anything to do with all this. It’s Our Lady and the A.A.s who are doing it.”

Sister Ignatia is a very shy woman, frail, almost transparent. Yet she is firm and resolute, and energetic to the point where twenty-four hours is a short day. Her much sought after anonymity was shattered early in 1954, when she was awarded the Catherine of Siena Medal by the Theta Pi Alpha Sorority of National Catholic Women’s Colleges. She was honored for “outstanding achievement in one of our major problems affecting our country today — alcoholism.” The medal is given annually to a Catholic woman who has made a distinctive contribution to Catholic life in the U.S.

Sister Ignatia has certainly done that — and for years. She won’t talk much about it, but her Rosary Hall project is a means of conversions for the many non-Catholic who enter its portals. It also resulted in many lapsed Catholics returning to the Sacraments after years of negligence. Many invalid marriages have been righted and, as a result, entire families have entered the Church.

Rosary Hall also offers its services for the many harmed by alcoholics. A very alert and thriving group of women composed of wives and relatives of members of Alcoholics Anonymous meet each week to discuss their problems. The objective is the rebuilding of their marriages and the re-christianizing of their homes and families. It has resulted in an unusually intelligent approach to the solution of the problems. The women pool their experiences and encourage one another to have faith in their spouses and to aid them on the road to spiritual and material contentment.

It has been mentioned that not all the patients are men. The women who stay at Rosary Hall are hospitalized in a special room, two are admitted at a time. The problems are the same for these patients and the road to recovery just as strenuous. However, like their male counterparts, they mostly make it.

One thing though — there are no second chances at Rosary Hall. Patients are admitted once. If they fail then, some other method has to be devised to try and straighten them out. But there is no talk of failure on the part of Sister Ignatia. These men and women come to her at their lowest ebb. In most cases it is her consolation that they rise above their degradation and assume their true dignity as sons and daughters of God.

This is the way she expressed it all: “I am just one of those many women of the Catholic nursing community of America who are striving to rescue men and women from the bottomless pit of alcoholism.

“Universities and welfare groups have expended millions of dollars in an attempt to find the causes of alcoholism. Yet, no one has been able to place his or her finger upon the exact cause. However, it is the consensus of opinion among great minds who have attacked the problem that a lack of proper spiritual application on the part of the victim is at least a primary cause.

“The co-founders of Alcoholics Anonymous believed that the solution of the problem for many was to be found in the merger of forces of medicine and religion. With this union, what could be more conducive to the regeneration of the whole person than the atmosphere of a Catholic hospital? The professional, medical case administered within its precincts affords spiritual, physical, mental, and moral therapy.

“Alcoholism strikes at men and women in all walks of life. Surveys show that 25 percent of the “Skid Row” population in any large city possess university degrees. The fruit of the vine — a harmless stimulant for many — in the hands of the alcoholic turns to poison.”

“The alcoholic is deserving of sympathy. Christlike charity and intelligent care are needed so that with God’s grace he or she may be given the opportunity to accept a new philosophy of life.”

Sister Ignatia has special names for each of the five days a patient spends at Rosary Hall. They are: Day of Reception; Day of Realization; Day of Moral Inventory; Day of Resolution; and Day of Plans for the Future.

As he leaves Rosary Hall, the recovering patient must then face his own problem. The way has been paved by the A.A. sponsor. The future is in God’s hands. He has learned to say, “O, God, grant me the serenity to accept things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and wisdom to know the difference.”

The patient is urged to guard against pride, self-pity, resentment, intolerance, and criticism; to attend meetings, spread the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous, and to return to the hospital to help others.

Finally, there is the Sacred Heart Badge. Not many are returned to Sister Ignatia. But when they are, she pleads for the patient not to take the first step on the return to ruin. Very often it means a long distance phone call, a fervent prayer, and the help of a local A.A. group to keep the tempted on the right path.

To alcoholics all over America, Sister Ignatia is called “Little Angel.” She is indeed small and frail, but her strength is that of a Michael and her message that of Gabriel. Both the humble and the great who “died” in drink and became “new” again will attest to that.

Alcoholics Anonymous: "A Tribute to Sister Ignatia"

Click on this link to access this on Silkworth.net—a site dedicated to AA’s history.

For Sister Ignatia: Our Everlasting Gratitude

SISTER MARY IGNATIA, one of the finest friends that we of AA shall ever know, went to her reward Friday morning, April first, nineteen hundred sixty-six. Next day, the Sisters of Charity of St. Augustine opened their Mother House to visitors. More than one thousand of them signed the guest book in the first two hours. These were the first of many who during the two days following came to pay their respects to Sister.

On Monday at high noon the Cathedral at Cleveland could barely seat its congregation. Friends in the city and from afar attended the service. The Sisters of Charity themselves were seen to be seated in a body, radiant in their faith. Together with families and friends, we of AA had come there in expression of our gratitude for the life and works of our well-loved Sister. It was not really a time for mourning, it was instead a time to thank God for His great goodness to us all.

In its affirmation of the faith, the Mass was of singular beauty; the more so to many, since it was spoken in English. The eulogy, written and read by a close friend of Sister’s, was a graphic and stirring portrayal of her character, and of her deeds. There was a most special emphasis upon the merits of AA, and upon the part co-founder Dr. Bob had played in Sister’s great adventure among us. We were assured as seldom before that those who dwell in the fellowship of the Spirit need never be concerned with barriers, or with boundaries.

For those thousands of men, women and children whose lives had been directly touched and illumined by Sister, it would perhaps not be needful to write this account of her. Of Sister, and of the Grace she brought to all these, they already know better than anyone else. But to the many others who have never felt her presence and her love, it is hoped this narrative may be something for their special inspiration.

Born in 1889 of devout and liberty-loving parents, Sister entered into this world at Shanvilly, County Mayo, of the Emerald Isle. The famed poet Yeats, born nearby, once remarked that the strange beauty of County Mayo had been specially designed to raise up poets, artists, heroes and saints. We can little doubt that even when Ignatia was aged six, and her parents had emigrated from Ireland to Cleveland, she was already beginning to manifest many a sterling virtue. View the complete tribute of AA to Sister Ignatia here or visit Silkworth.net.

(Book) Sister Ignatia, Angel of AA

Sister Ignatia: Angel of AA by Mary C Darrah

Book Description

Release Date: August 31, 2001
Sister Mary Ignatia Gavin epitomized the spirit of love, service, and honesty that today are the hallmarks of Alcoholics Anonymous. As a hospital admissions officer in the 1930s in Akron, Ohio, Sr. Ignatia befriended Dr. Bob Smith, co-founder of AA, and courageously arranged for the hospitalization of alcoholics at a time when alcoholism was viewed as a character weakness rather than a disease.

Sister Mary Ignatia

taken from “Traditional Catholic and Twelve Step Programs”  by Sean Romer
as written for the Angelus magazine, September 2002

Compassionate, Irish-born Sr. Mary Ignatia of the Sisters of Charity of St. Augustine worked in the admitting office at St. Thomas Hospital in Akron, Ohio.

A sensitive soul who had weathered a nervous breakdown of her own, she was able to alternately offer tough demands and tender care to offset the emotional highs and lows that often served as harbingers of her patients’ drinking episodes. Fifteen thousand alcoholics became sober under her attention, and for her efforts she received a presidential commendation.

In co-operation with Dr. Bob, Sr. Ignatia was largely responsible for St. Thomas becoming both the first hospital and first religious institution to open its doors to Alcoholics Anonymous.

Sr. Ignatia immersed herself in Thomas a Kempis’s The Imitation of Christ and in The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius, St. Augustine, St. Teresa of Avila, St. John of the Cross, St. Francis of Assisi, and St. Therese of Lisieux. She influenced the thought, development, and content of Dr. Bob’s contributions to the Big Book and to the Twelve Steps contained therein.